What are Stablecoins and How They Work

agosto 17, 2022 12:51 am Published by Leave your thoughts

Reducing volatility can be achieved in a number of ways, including backing the coin with a stable asset like USD. A smart contract is a self-executing contract with the terms of the agreement between buyer and seller directly written into lines of code. The code and the included agreements are stored by a distributed, decentralizedblockchainnetwork. The code controls the execution of the agreement, and transactions are trackable and irreversible.

  • USDD on the Tron blockchain is one of the most prominent algorithmic stablecoins in the current crypto market.
  • Some services may not be available in all locations, so be sure to check whether the options you want are available where you live.
  • It is now diversifying its collateral base to include stablecoins like USDC and “real-world assets.” For example, French bank Société Générale-Forge has proposed backing Dai with $40M in bonds.
  • Commodity-backed stablecoins make it easier to get physical ownership of the tokenized assets while maintaining a certain level of price stability.
  • In this scenario, the stablecoins are now 200% collateralized, and even in the event of a 25% price drop, the $500 worth of stablecoins are collateralized by $750 worth of ETH.

The reserve for the currency is administered through an independent custodian that is audited on a scheduled basis to ensure compliance. Commodity-backed stablecoins are stabilized with hard assets such as gold or real estate. The most commonly used asset to collateralize stablecoins is gold, although many use diversified baskets of precious metals. Stablecoins are useful for investors who want to keep their assets in the crypto space. Switching from crypto to fiat currency can be expensive and time consuming. Stablecoins give investors the best of both worlds — a stable asset within the crypto space with an advantageous transactional speed.

The Need for Stablecoins

A wide range of events might trigger a loss of confidence in the stablecoin’s ability to maintain the peg. On the one hand, a drop in the price of the collateral assets, or a lack of trust in the custodian of those assets, could trigger a run. Fiat currency isn’t backed by a physical commodity, http://www.aquadim.ru/robot-pylesos-s-kartografiej.html such as a precious metal . Fiat money is issued by a government as a non-fiat (commodity-backed) currency would, though it still relies on a supply-demand balance to maintain value. The U.S. dollar, for example, is fiat currency (though it used to be non-fiat when it was backed by gold).

What is an example of a stablecoin

This gold is stored in a vault in Singapore and gets audited every 3 months. The creators of DGX claim they have “democratized access to gold.” DGX holders may even redeem their coins for physical gold — they just have to go to the vault in Singapore to do so. In fact, the two coins have captured more than two-thirds of the stablecoin market, with USDC steadily chipping away at USDT’s market share.

The Bankrate promise

The biggest example in this category is the DAI algorithmic stablecoin, which is pegged to the U.S. dollar but is backed by Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. Collateralized stablecoins maintain a pool of collateral to support the coin’s value. Whenever the holder of a stablecoin wishes to cash out their tokens, an equal amount of the collateralizing assets is taken from the reserves. Unlike the majority of other cryptocurrencies, stablecoins offer investors a much higher level of reliability in terms of value. While stablecoins can, and have, crashed before, such an occurrence is much less likely for them than for traditional cryptos.

So if a stablecoin is pegged to the U.S. dollar, then $1 is held in a bank account for each stablecoin that’s issued. If a stablecoin is pegged to the price of gold, then a specific amount of gold is held in a vault for each stablecoin issued. In order to redeem the underlying cryptocurrency deposited, users often have to return the stablecoins to the protocol, along with a small fee. Typical examples include selling governance tokens that allow buyers to gain voting control over the stablecoin’s future or locking up funds into smart contracts on the blockchain to earn interest.

LUNA’s price also began to decline along with the broader crypto market. Due to this, demand for UST shrunk rapidly, putting a downward pressure on LUNA, incentivizing users to redeem more of the stablecoin. The first one, B-money, was proposed by computer scientist Wei Dai in 1998 and was intended to work as an anonymous and distributed digital cash.

What is an example of a stablecoin

This allows Chai to offer lower processing fees compared to some traditional payment processing systems. It also means that consumers might not even know they used a stablecoin — let alone need to understand how it works — when paying for a cup of coffee or an online purchase. For businesses, Chai has an API to let e-commerce sites accept different payment options. In both cases, currency is converted into Terra, which is transferred to the recipient on the blockchain and converted back into fiat.

What is an example of a stablecoin

However, Tether tokens currently use multiple protocols, including Ethereum, Algorand, Bitcoin Cash, EOS, Tron, and OMG. Since the original Tether protocol uses the Bitcoin network, it inherits the security and stability of the Bitcoin blockchain. Tether ($USDT), was launched in 2014 by Tether Limited and has become one of the most popular stablecoins in the market. The team introduced an easy concept for creating a cryptocurrency that maintained a stable price during market price falls.

This was followed by Bit Gold, an attempt to create a decentralized online currency created in 1998 by Nick Szabo. Stablecoins provide transparency and ease of transfer benefits that other cryptocurrencies enjoy while protecting investors from the volatility of these assets. At a market cap of $66.9 billion, USDT is currently the third biggest cryptocurrency, behind Bitcoin and Ethereum .

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This post was written by slipingrex

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